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PCA Certification Test

TRUE OR FALSE

1.  Universal Precautions

Gloves

When you are caring for the individual, you should always wear gloves when:

You touch urine or stool.

True
False

An individual is toileting.

True
False

Handling laundry.

True
False

It’s cold outside.

True
False

Taking out the garbage.

True
False

Hand Washing

When should you wash your hands?

After changing the individual’s Depends.

True
False

After toileting the individual.

True
False

After using your cell phone.

True
False

Before handling food.

True
False

After cleaning and disinfecting surfaces.

True
False

2.  Communication

To communicate well, it is important to:

Allow the individual to express what he/she needs or wants.

True
False

Tell the individual your life story and your problems.

True
False

Ask questions if you don’t understand.

True
False

Spend time on your cell phone.

True
False

With individuals with dementia or Alzheimer’s disease, don’t use too many words or long explanations because this may be confusing.

True
False

Some individuals may not be able to speak so you just smile and go about your business.

True
False

Contact your supervisor if you notice a difference in the individual’s ability to move, gestures, pained facial expressions.

True
False

Interrupt the individual if they are talking too long to tell you what they need and tell him/her to get to the point.

True
False

You should let the individual know how you feel about politics and religion.

True
False

Sometimes movements, gestures, facial expressions and shifts in the client’s body may tell you that something may be going on that they are not telling you.

True
Fals

3. Changes in Individual’s Condition

When there are changes in an individuals condition:

You should report changes in condition immediately to your supervisor.  Do not leave a voice mail.  Speak to a live individual.

True
False

If you see red spots on the individual’s skin, it is okay to wait to report it until it gets worse.

True
False

A sudden change of appetite should be reported immediately to your supervisor.

True
False

If the individual has difficulty urinating, constipation or frequent diarrhea, you can wait to see if it will get better.

True
False

If the individual begins to yell a lot, say mean things and is angry all the time, you should report this to your supervisor.

True
False

You notice that the individual is starting to sleep a lot more.  You don’t need to report this to your supervisor.  Since the individual is tired, you put the individual in bed for naps more often.

True
False

Individuals who cannot change position in bed or in a chair should be repositioned every two hours.

True
False

It is important for an individual to drink enough fluids to prevent dehydration unless there is a fluid restriction in the individual’s care plan.

True
False

Older people’s skin tears very easily and it is important to prevent bumps and scrapes.

True
False

4. Positioning

Why is Proper Positioning Important?

To relieve the pressure on various body parts.

True
False

To help the individual see the television.

True
False

To help the individual be comfortable

True
False

To prevent health problems from being in bed a long time.

True
False

To prevent bed sores.

True
False

What are the Procedures for Proper Positioning?

Have all necessary assistive equipment ready.

True
Fals

Make sure the individual is safe and comfortable.

True
False

Stretch over the individual and use the client’s arm to pull the individual across the bed.

True
False

Reposition the individual every two hours.

True
False

Take note of redness or irritation on the skin so you can report it if it gets worse.

True
False

5. Lifting

What are the Proper Procedures for Lifting?

Bend over, grab the individual under the arms and lift.

True
False

Stand close to the individual.

True
False

Squat and stand to lift a heavy individual.

True
False

Figure out on your own how to use a Hoyer lift to lift a heavy individual

True
False

Coordinate your movements with the individual’s movements.

True
False

To change the direction of the individual’s movement, twist your body, bend over and lower the individual.

True
False

Keep your back straight, knees and hips flexed, with weight distributed on both feet.

True
False

You should stoop and bend over to lift an individual from the toilet to a wheelchair.

True
False

It is okay to use a Hoyer lift without training.

True
False

6. Transfers

How do you transfer an individual safely?

The individual should be wearing secure fitting shoes or slippers.

True
False

The position of the wheelchair is not important as long as the wheels are locked.

True
False

The individual’s commode should be next to the bed so the individual can be transferred easier.

True
False

When toileting the individual, you should assist the individual to a standing position, help the individual pull down her/his pants, and safely place the individual on the toilet.

True
False

If the individual has fallen a few times, you can allow the individual to transfer himself/herself.

True
False

7. Medication Policies

What are the proper procedures for helping an individual to take medication?

The PCA may administer medication directly to the individual.

True
False

A PCA never gives the individual injections.

True
False

The PCA may assist the individual with opening the pill bottle and remind the individual to take the medication as prescribed.

True
False

The PCA may take some of the individual’s pills.

True
False

The PCA may give the individual medications even though the pills have fallen on the floor.

True
False

If you drop the med box, do not give the individual the pills and contact your supervisor.

True
False

It is okay for the PCA to crush medicine and put it in applesauce or pudding if the individual doesn’t want to take their pills.

True
False

If the medications look different or messed up, you should notify your supervisor after you give the medication to the individual.

True
False

Do not give any pills or medicine, like cold medicine, you get from the store.

True
False

If the family tells you it’s okay to give the client insulin injections, you should do it.

True
False

8. Emergency Procedures

When there is an emergency you should:

Take the individual to the hospital in your own car.

True
False

Lift an individual up to a chair after a fall.

True
False

Immediately report the incident to your supervisor.

True
False

Look for all accessible exits in case there is a fire.

True
False

Wait in the emergency room with individuals who have dementia or Alzheimer’s disease until the individual is taken to a room. Clear this with your agency.

True
False

Encourage the individual to use his/her walker or cane to prevent falls.

True
False

Let the individual navigate around furniture and clutter to get to the bathroom.

True
False

Let the individual turn the lights off at night when she/he is walking to the bedroom to go to sleep.

True
False

Let the individual try to get up on her/his own after falling. You do not need to report falls when the individual seems to be okay.

True
False

9.  Reporting Abuse, Neglect, Exploitation and Abandonment

For individuals who are aged 60 and older, you and your agency are legally required to report abuse, neglect, exploitation and abandonment to Protective Services for the Elderly.

True
False

You should contact your supervisor immediately if you see or suspect abuse.

True
False

You arrive for your shift in the morning and discover that no one has been with the individual since the day before. Since the individual is fine, there is no need to report this.

True
False

The individual tells you that his/her grandson has been taking money out of his/her bank account, using the EBT card to buy their own groceries and using the individual’s credit card to shop. Since the client can’t do his/her own banking and shopping, there is no need to report this.

True
False

When you arrive for your shift, you see the individual’s neighbor yelling, threatening to hit the individual and shove him/her. This is an example of abuse.

True
False

10.  Caregiver Boundaries

Which of these are considered good boundaries?

You and the individual give each other gifts for holidays, birthdays and other occasions.

True
False

The individual needs some items at the store so you take the debit card to shop during the individual’s nap. You can also buy some items at the grocery store for yourself if the individual says it’s okay.

True
False

You should always get a receipt when using the individual’s money to buy things.

True
False

It’s okay for your friend to deliver food for you at the individual’s home.

True
False

You are an employee in the individual’s home.

True
False

If the individual goes to a nursing home, you should visit the individual while you are off duty.

True
False

If you can’t find a babysitter and there is no one to replace you, it is okay to bring your children to the individual’s home while you are working.

True
False

The individual may be able to help you and give you advice after you discuss your money problems, arguments with your partner or spouse, or your children’s troubling issues.

True
False

If you don’t have a car and don’t want to take the bus, you can have your boyfriend/girlfriend take you to work at the individual’s home.

True
False

You should never friend the individual on Facebook and never post anything about her/him like pictures or comments, good or bad.

True
False

11.  Individuals with Acquired Brain Injury

An individual with an acquired brain injury might:

Might not understand what you say.

True
False

Remember everything he/she hears you and others say.

True
False

Not be able to say what they want to say.

True
False

Have mood swings, become anxious, depressed or irritable.

True
False

Individuals with acquired brain injury often have very good decision making and problem solving skills, very sound judgment and learning capabilities.

True
False

If an individual becomes angry, you should:

Tell the individual he/she needs to calm down and stop talking.

True
False

Turn the TV on really loud to distract the individual.

True
False

Remain calm and speak softly.

True
False

Threaten the individual with negative consequences if he/she doesn’t calm down.

True
False

Put the individual in a corner of the room and limit where he/she can move.

True
False

Causes of Agitation and Aggression in Individuals with Dementia or Alzheimer’s Disease

Individuals usually get angry for a reason so it is helpful if you can figure out the reason the individual is angry.

True
False

If the individual starts getting stressed and frustrated, try to help before the individual gets upset.

True
False

Individuals who need PCA services are usually lonely so you should encourage a lot of people to come over and have a lot of loud music in the home to cheer her/him up.

True
False

If you are a new PCA just meeting the individual for the first time and they get upset and say mean things to you, it’s just because the individual is unfriendly and grouchy.

True
False

The individual may not be able to tell you that he/she is sitting on a wet Depends®, has to go to the bathroom and start getting angry and upset.

True
False

12.  Bathing

Safety in the bathroom is very important.

True
False

It is okay to leave the individual alone in the bathtub or shower if you have to answer the phone.

True
False

Never have the individual step into the bathtub or shower until you check the water temperature.

True
False

You should wash the genital area from back to front.

True
False

Do not cut fingernails or toenails.

True
False

13. Bathing Individuals with Dementia, Alzheimer’s Disease or Cognitive Deficits

You should give the individual a bath or shower at a different time every day because they get bored with the same daily routine.

True
False

Many older Individuals don’t like bathing because they are afraid of being too hot. Make sure the room temperature is cool before you start.

True
False

You should report any redness or other skin changes to your supervisor.

True
False

If the individual does not want to bathe, talk about something the individual likes or something positive and rewarding and they may change their mind.

True
False

Tell the individual what you are doing to keep her/him calm.

True
False

14.   How to Give a Bed Bath

You do not need to check water temperature since the water is in a basin and it will cool off.

True
False

Make sure the individual cannot fall out of bed.

True
False

Report any sores or redness to your supervisor.

True
False

You should wash the soap off of the individual.

True
False

Wash the genital area first.

True
False

15. Washing Hair

The individual can wash their own hair if they are able to do it.

True
False

If the individual doesn’t ever want their hair washed they don’t have to.  This is easier than trying to convince the individual to wash their hair and stressing over it.

True
False

You should report any redness, a lot of dandruff or concerns over lice to your supervisor.

True
False

Many people don’t like water in their face so you should face the individual away from direct water to the face.

True
False

If the individual seems steady in the shower, it is okay to leave and put the dirty clothes in the laundry and fold the clothes from the dryer.

True
False

16.  How to Wash Hair in Bed

Make sure you have all of the supplies you need before you get started.

True
False

You should start pouring water on the individual’s head. Don’t worry about the pillows getting wet.

True
False

Try to keep the floor dry by putting a bucket or large bowl on the floor and put a sheet or towel underneath.

True
False

If the individual has short hair, instead of pouring water to wet the hair; you can rub a wet washcloth over the hair.

True
False

Make sure the room temperature is warm and check the water temperature before starting.

True
False

17.  Mouth Care

Good mouth care is important for an individual’s general health, to prevent gum disease, cavities, toothaches, pain and other health problems.

True
False

Wearing gloves isn’t necessary because you won’t be touching the individual’s mouth.

True
False

Brush the teeth really hard to make sure they get clean.

True
False

Start brushing at the top and move downward because it moves plaque away from the gums.

True
False

Report any redness, bleeding or sores to your supervisor.

True
False

18. Mouth Care for Individuals with Dementia, Alzheimer’s Disease or Cognitive Impairment

Smile and explain that you are going to brush their teeth if it’s ok with them.

True
False

Tell the individual their teeth are dirty so you have to brush their teeth.

True
False

If the individual gets upset, ask what is upsetting her/him about having his/her teeth brushed.

True
False

Tell your supervisor if you see redness, sores, bleeding or broken teeth.

True
False

If the individual refuses, tell her/him all of the good things about brushing their teeth. If this doesn’t work, try again at another time.

True
False

19.  Dressing

Wash your hands before you begin dressing the individual.

True
False

You should set out a lot of different clothes with a variety of shirts, pants, skirts, dresses, suits and ties.

True
False

If the clothes won’t come off, you can push and pull them off.

True
False

Make sure the individual does not get too tired or dizzy. Help her/him to sit down if they need to.

True
False

It is easiest to use simple elastic clothing or clothes with Velcro fasteners.

True
False